Victims of Human Trafficking

WHAT IS HUMAN TRAFFICKING?

Human trafficking is a crime involving the exploitation of someone for the purposes of compelled labor or a commercial sex act through the use of force, fraud, or coercion.

Victims can be anyone from around the world or right next door: women and man, adults and children, citizens and noncitizens alike.

HOW TO IDENTIFY A HUMAN TRAFFICKING VICTIM

  • Is not free to leave or come and go as he/she wishes
  • Is under 18 and is providing commercial sex acts
  • Is in the commercial sex industry and has a pimp/manager
  • Is unpaid, paid very little, or paid only through tips
  • Works excessively long and/or unusual hours
  • Is allowed breaks or suffers under unusual restrictions at work
  • Owes a large debt and is unable to pay it off
  • Was recruited through false promises concerning the nature and conditions of his/her work
  • Is held under high security measures in the work and/or living locations (e.g. opaque windows, boarded up windows, bars on windows, barbed wire, security cameras, etc.)
  • Is fearful, anxious, depressed, submissive, tense, or nervous/paranoid
  • Exhibits unusually fearful or anxious behavior after bringing up law enforcement
  • Avoids eye contact
  • Lacks health care
  • Appears malnourished
  • Shows signs of physical and/or sexual abuse, physical restraint, confinement, or torture
  • Has few or no personal possessions
  • Is not in control of his/her own money, no financial records, or bank account
  • Is not in control of his/her own identification documents (ID or passport)
  • Is not allowed or able to speak for himself or herself without a third party who insists on being present and/or translating
  • Does not know or is unable to state where he/she is staying (e.g. does not provide an address)
  • Lacks knowledge of whereabouts and/or does not know what city he/she is in
  • Has loss of a sense of time
  • Has numerous inconsistencies in his/her story